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Independent College Dublin: Referencing /Citation

Resources for planning and reflecting

Harvard referencing system

Welcome to our Referencing & Citation LIbrary Guide. At Independent College Dublin we use the HARVARD Referencing System and this guide will help you learn more about this referencing system, what it looks like, what resources are there to assist you, and why we reference in the first place!

Referencing Glossary

Referencing is the process of acknowledging in detail all the information sources (books, journal articles, images, data, webpages, etc.) that you have included in your in-text citations. References form a list with full details of sources placed at the end of an assignment or paper allowing your readers to directly consult the sources you have used.

An In-text Citation is when you acknowledge the sources you have used within the body of your writing or assignment. In-text citations are also known as citations and should be used when you:

  • use direct quotations (exact Words) from an original source
  • paraphrase or summarize information from a source (taking the thoughts and ideas of someone else and reworking them)
  • include the work of another person or institution in your assignment (for example images, tables, computer code, words 

A reference list gives the details of all the sources you have cited in your assignment so that someone else can find the original source.

At Independent College Dublin students are required to produce a reference list. Each source you include on the list will have a complete entry so that the examiner/assessor can look up the information source/AUTHOR. Usually, a reference list will have a mix of resources (e.g., eBooks, books, online articles, journal articles, Moodle resources).


Hegarty, C. (2011). Irish Case Studies in Entrepreneurship. Cork, Oak Tree Press.  

Interactive Workshop

Adapted from Universtiy of Cardiff 

Harvard Style Citation Guides

Zotero is a full citation management tool that allows you to collect and organize a research library, and then generate citations from what you've accumulated. It is a very fast product which will save you a lot of time once you've learned how to use it.  To download go here
For a full guide on using Zotero check out this LibGuide!

Other Citation Tools:

There are many options for referencing and citation tools. Like Zotero, another example is EndnoteSome tools are web-based, for example, MyBib, and Cite this. The library's EBSCO Discovery database also has an inbuilt tool, Cite Me, allowing students to copy and export the correct Harvard reference. Check out the Library Moodle page for more suggestions!